Article 4316

Title of the article

THE CPC’S “AGRARIAN REVOLUTION” AND THE CHINESE RED ARMY

Authors

Pozhilov Igor Evgenievich, Candidate of historical sciences, leading researcher, Сenter of modern history of China, Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Science (32 Nahimovsky avenue, Moscow, Russia), pozhilov1@yandex.ru

Index UDK

94(510).092

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2016-3-4

Abstract

Background. The СPC acquired its first experience of state’s foundation during the “agrarian revolution” – the experience of left-radical kind with totalitarian ideas. Rudiments of chinese bolshevism appear in the policy of the ruling party in China up to this day, finding expression in its monopoly on power, “guided” democracy, the ban on private land ownership, as well as other restrictions of civil rights and freedoms. Studying the results of the Soviets’ overall and unconditional defeat in the mid-1930s remains therefore an important scientific task.
Results. In 1927–1928 the CCP faced a process of political initiative peripherization; the proprietary village in South-Eastern China was not ready to accept the CPC putting forward the equalizing redistribution of land; the Party considered the emerging Red Army not as a defender of the interests of the poorest peasant layers, but as an instrument of mobilization aimed at the seizure of power in rural areas.
Conclusions. The “agrarian revolution”, being an “empty” slogan of the CPC, called to raise the peasantry into the struggle for power, was carried out in areas that did not have any objective conditions, and it had no prospects without the use of total terror. The Chinese Red Army, which was built on the basis of both militarism and bolshevik ideology, played a role of a terror instrument and a village obedience guarantor.

Key words

“agrarian revolution”, Chinese Red Army, Zhu De.

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Дата создания: 27.01.2017 10:44
Дата обновления: 27.01.2017 14:08